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Volume 09, issue 02
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ISSN: 2274-0422

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Left middle ear ossicles

Data citation: Daisuke Koyabu, 2017. M3#167. doi: 10.18563/m3.sf.167

Tag legend:
Incus, Malleus, Stapes

Model solid/transparent

Anterior crus, Anterior process, Footplate of stapes, Head of malleus, Head of stapes, Long process of incus, Manubrium, Posterior crus, Short process of incus, Transversal lamina

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Specimen infos

Sex : indet

Age (if applicable) :

Material Type : Skull

Origin :

Class : Mammalia

Order : Lipotyphla

Family : Talpidae

Genus : Scalopus

Species :aquaticus

Scanned middle ear ossicles

Related article
3D atlas and comparative osteology of the middle ear ossicles among Eulipotyphla (Mammalia, Placentalia).
Daisuke Koyabu
Published online: 03/05/2017

Keywords: aquatic adaptation; convergence; Eulipotyphla; fossorial adaptation; hearing


    Considerable morphological variations are found in the middle ear among mammals. Here I present a three-dimensional atlas of the middle ear ossicles of eulipotyphlan mammals. This group has radiated into various environments as terrestrial, aquatic, and subterranean habitats independently in multiple lineages. Therefore, eulipotyphlans are an ideal group to explore the form-function relationship of the middle ear ossicles. This comparative atlas of hedgehogs, true shrews, water shrews, mole shrews, true moles, and shrew moles encourages future studies of the middle ear morphology of this diverse group.

  M3 article infos

Published in Volume 03, Issue 02 (2017)