Current issue


2023-12
Volume 09, issue 04
<< prev. next >>
ISSN: 2274-0422

Article Management

You must log in to submit or manage articles.

You do not have an account yet ? Sign up.



Welcome

MorphoMuseuM, also referred to as M3, is a peer reviewed, online journal that publishes 3D models of vertebrates, including models of type specimens, anatomy atlases, reconstruction of deformed or damaged specimens, and 3D datasets (see https://doi.org/10.1017/scs.2017.14 for details).
M3 comes along with a free software, MorphoDig, which contains a set of tools for editing, positioning, deforming, labelling, measuring and rendering sets of 3D surfaces.
All 3D data presented on this website are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0. International License. License Creative Commons


Original articles in press

Digital restoration of the snout of Khirtharia inflata (Raoellidae,  Artiodactyla) from the middle Eocene of northwest Himalaya
Maëva J. Orliac Logo, Mohd Waqas Logo, Rajendra Rana Logo and Thierry Smith Logo
Published online: 20/06/2024

Keywords: Cetacea; incisor; India; raoellid

https://doi.org/10.18563/journal.m3.224

Abstract

In this work, we digitally restore the snout of the raoellide Khirtharia inflata from the Kalakot area (Rajouri District, Jammu & Kashmir, India). Raoellids are small, semiaquatic ungulates closely related to cetaceans. The specimen is fairly complete and preserves left and right maxillaries, left premaxillary, and part of the anterior and jugal dentition. The digital restoration of this quite complete but deformed specimen of Khirtharia inflata is a welcome addition to the data available for raoellids and will be used to further the understanding of the origins of cetaceans.
  

  Specimens
 
  M3 article infos

PDF
The Fossils of Speothos pacivorus (Carnivora: Canidae) at the Peter Lund/Quaternary Collection of the Natural History Museum of Denmark
Juan V. Ruiz Logo, Christina Kyriakouli Logo, Kasper Hansen Logo, Carsten Gundlach Logo, Gabriel S. Ferreira Logo, Fabio A. Machado Logo, Pedro L. Godoy Logo, Mariela C. Castro Logo and Felipe C. Montefeltro Logo
Published online: 14/05/2024

Keywords: 3D reconstruction; Canidae; Lagoa Santa Karst; Pleistocene; Speothos

https://doi.org/10.18563/journal.m3.229

Abstract

Speothos pacivorus is an extinct South American canid (Canidae: Cerdocyonina) from the Pleistocene of Lagoa Santa Karst, Central Brazil. This taxon is one of the hypercarnivore canids that vanished from the continent at the end of Pleistocene. Although all remains of Speothos pacivorus were collected in the 19th century by the Danish naturalist Peter W. Lund, few studies have committed to an in-depth analysis of the taxon and the known specimens. Here, we analyzed all biological remains of S. pacivorus hosted in the Peter Lund/Quaternary Collection at the Natural History Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, by listing and illustrating all its specimens known to date. We also conducted a reconstruction of the holotype, an almost complete cranium, based on a µCT scan, producing an undeformed and crack-free three-dimensional model. With this data available we aim to foster new research on this elusive species. 

  Specimens
 
  M3 article infos

PDF
CT scan data for the original holotype of Hamadasuchus rebouli Buffetaut 1994
Yohan Pochat-Cottilloux Logo, Joël Lachambre Logo, Romain Amiot Logo and Jeremy E. Martin Logo
Published online: 06/02/2024

Keywords: Crocodylomorpha; CT scan; Hamadasuchus; Kem Kem; Morocco

https://doi.org/10.18563/journal.m3.222

Abstract

The holotype of Hamadasuchus rebouli Buffetaut 1994 from the Kem Kem beds of Morocco (Late Albian – Cenomanian) consists of a left dentary which is limited, fragmentary and reconstructed in some areas. To aid in assessing if the original diagnosis can be considered as valid, the specimen was CT scanned for the first time. This is especially important to resolve the taxonomic status of certain specimens that have been assigned to Hamadasuchus rebouli since then. The reconstructed structures in this contribution are in agreement with the original description, notably in terms of alveolar count; thus the original diagnosis of this taxon remains valid and some specimens are not referable to H. rebouli anymore. 

  Specimens
 
  M3 article infos

PDF

Datasets in press

3D models related to the publication: A new primate community from the earliest Oligocene of the Atlantic margin of Northwest Africa: Systematic, paleobiogeographic and paleoenvironmental implications
Laurent Marivaux Logo, Anne-Lise Charruault Logo and Mouloud Benammi Logo
Published online: 20/06/2024

Keywords: Africa; Anthropoidea; Atlantic Sahara; Eocene/Oligocene transition; Strepsirrhini

https://doi.org/10.18563/journal.m3.208

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the three-dimensional digital models of the dental fossil material of anthropoid and strepsirrhine primates, discovered in Lower Oligocene detrital deposits outcropping in the Porto Rico and El Argoub areas, east of the Dakhla peninsula region (Atlantic Sahara; in the south of Morocco, near the northern border of Mauritania). These fossils were described, figured and discussed in the following publication: Marivaux et al. (2024), A new primate community from the earliest Oligocene of the Atlantic margin of Northwest Africa: Systematic, paleobiogeographic and paleoenvironmental implications. Journal of Human Evolution. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2024.103548 

  Specimens
 
  See original publication
  M3 article infos

PDF
3D model related to the publication: The largest freshwater odontocete: a South Asian river dolphin relative from the Proto-Amazonia
Aldo Benites-Palomino Logo, Gabriel Aguirre-Fernández Logo, Patrice Baby, Diana Ochoa Logo, Ali Altamirano-Sierra Logo, John J. Flynn Logo, Marcelo R. Sánchez-Villagra Logo, Julia Tejeda Logo, Christian de Muizon Logo and Rodolfo Salas-Gismondi Logo
Published online: 21/03/2024

Keywords: Miocene; Odontoceti; Platanistidae; River dolphin

https://doi.org/10.18563/journal.m3.221

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D model analyzed in The largest freshwater odontocete: a South Asian river dolphin relative from the Proto-Amazonia. 

  Specimens
 
  See original publication
  M3 article infos

PDF
3D models related to the publication: Shape diversity in conodont elements, a quantitative study using 3D topography.
Alexandre Assemat Logo, Ghislain Thiery Logo, Thibaud Lieffroy Logo and Catherine Girard
Published online: 17/01/2024

Keywords: Conodonts; Doolkit; Morphofunction; Scanning resolution; Topography

https://doi.org/10.18563/journal.m3.223

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D models analyzed in Assemat et al. 2023: Shape diversity in conodont elements, a quantitative study using 3D topography. Marine Micropaleontology 184. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marmicro.2023.102292

    P1 elements represent dental components of the conodont apparatus that perform the final stage of food processing before ingestion. Consequently, quantifying the shape of P1 elements across the topographic indices of different conodont species becomes crucial for deciphering the diversity in feeding behavior within this group. 

  Specimens
 
  See original publication
  M3 article infos

PDF
3D models related to the publication: Inner ear morphology in wild vs laboratory house mice
Sabrina Renaud Logo, Léa Amar, Caroline Romestaing Logo, Jean-Pierre Quéré and Renaud Lebrun Logo
Published online: 15/01/2024

Keywords: fuctuating asymmetry; geometric morphometrics; intraspecific variation; Mus musculus domesticus; semicircular canals

https://doi.org/10.18563/journal.m3.220

  Abstract

    This contribution contains 3D models of left and right house mouse (Mus musculus domesticus) inner ears analyzed in Renaud et al. (2024). The studied mice belong to four groups: wild-trapped mice, wild-derived lab offspring, a typical laboratory strain (Swiss) and hybrids between wild-derived and Swiss mice. They have been analyzed to assess the impact of mobility reduction on inner ear morphology, including patterns of divergence, levels of inter-individual variance (disparity) and intra-individual variance (fluctuating asymmetry) 

  Specimens
 
  See original publication
  M3 article infos

PDF

Current Issue

  3D datasets
3D model related to the publication: On Roth's "human fossil" from Baradero, Buenos Aires Province, Argentina: morphological and genetic analysis
Lumila P. Menéndez Logo, Idalia G. López Cruz and Thomas Schmelzle
Published online: 06/10/2023

Keywords: 3D cranial reconstruction; anthropology collections; Argentinean Pampas; Holocene; Santiago Roth

https://doi.org/10.18563/journal.m3.202

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D model analyzed in the publication : On Roth’s “human fossil” from Baradero, Buenos Aires Province, Argentina: morphological and genetic analysis. The “human fossil” from Baradero, Buenos Aires Province, Argentina, is a collection of skeleton parts first recovered by Swiss paleontologist Santiago Roth and further studied by anthropologist Rudolf Martin. By the end of the 19th century and beginning of the 20th century it was considered as one of the oldest human skeletons from the southern cone. We studied the cranial anatomy and contextualized the ancient individual remains. We discuss the context of the finding, conducted an osteobiographical assessment and performed a 3D virtual reconstruction of the skull, using micro-CT-scans on selected skull fragments and the mandible. This was followed by the extraction of bone tissue and teeth samples for radiocarbon and genetic analyses, which brought only limited results due to poor preservation and possible contamination. We estimate that the individual from Baradero is a middle-aged adult male. We conclude that the revision of foundational collections with current methodological tools brings new insights and clarifies long held assumptions on the significance of samples that were recovered when archaeology was not yet professionalized. 
      

  Specimens
 
  See original publication
  M3 article infos

PDF
3D models related to the publication: A 50-million-year-old, three-dimensionally preserved bat skull supports an early origin for modern echolocation
Jacob Maugoust Logo and Maëva J. Orliac Logo
Published online: 19/10/2023

Keywords: Bony labyrinth; Chiroptera; Cranium; Eocene; Paleontology

https://doi.org/10.18563/journal.m3.217

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains 3D models of the cranium surface and of the bony labyrinth endocast of the stem bat Vielasia sigei. They are used by (Hand et al., 2023) to explore the phylogenetic position of this species, to infer its laryngeal echolocating capabilities, and to eventually discuss chiropteran evolution before the crown clade diversification. 

  Specimens
 
  See original publication
  M3 article infos

PDF
3D models related to the publication: The inner ear of caviomorph rodents: phylogenetic implications and application to extinct West Indian taxa.
Léa Da Cunha Logo, Lázaro W. Viñola López Logo, Ross D. E. MacPhee, Leonardo Kerber Logo, Jorge Velez-Juarbe Logo, Pierre-Olivier Antoine Logo, Myriam Boivin Logo, Lionel Hautier Logo, Renaud Lebrun Logo, Laurent Marivaux Logo and Pierre-Henri Fabre Logo
Published online: 31/10/2023

Keywords: fossils; Heptaxodontidae; inner ear; rodents; West Indies

https://doi.org/10.18563/journal.m3.196

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the three-dimensional models of the inner ear of the hetaxodontid rodents Amblyrhiza, Clidomys and Elasmodontomys from the West Indies. These specimens were analyzed and discussed in : The inner ear of caviomorph rodents: phylogenetic implications and application to extinct West Indian taxa.

      

  Specimens
 
  See original publication
  M3 article infos

PDF
3D models related to the publication: “The functional significance of aberrant cervical counts in sloths: insights from automated exhaustive analysis of cervical range of motion”
Luisa J. Merten Logo, Armita R. Manafzadeh Logo, Eva C. Herbst Logo, Eli Amson Logo, Pablo S. Tambusso Logo, Patrick Arnold Logo and John A. Nyakatura Logo
Published online: 04/11/2023

Keywords: articular surfaces; cervical vertebrae; vertebral biomechanics; zygapophyses

https://doi.org/10.18563/journal.m3.215

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D models analyzed in Merten, L.J.F, Manafzadeh, A.R., Herbst, E.C., Amson, E., Tambusso, P.S., Arnold, P., Nyakatura, J.A., 2023. The functional significance of aberrant cervical counts in sloths: insights from automated exhaustive analysis of cervical range of motion. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2023.1592
      

  Specimens
 
  See original publication
  M3 article infos

PDF
3D models related to the publication: "From teeth to pad: tooth loss and development of keratinous structures in sirenians"
Lionel Hautier Logo, Helder Gomes Rodrigues Logo, Sérgio Ferreira-Cardoso and Frédéric Delsuc Logo
Published online: 29/11/2023

Keywords: keratinous pad; Sirenians; Steller’s sea cow; tooth loss

https://doi.org/10.18563/journal.m3.218

  Abstract

    This contribution contains the 3D models described and figured in the following publication: Hautier L, Gomes Rodrigues H, Ferreira-Cardoso S, Emerling CA, Porcher M-L, Asher R, Portela Miguez R, Delsuc F. 2023. From teeth to pad: tooth loss and development of keratinous structures in sirenians. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2023.1932 

  Specimens
 
  See original publication
  M3 article infos

PDF
3D models related to the publication: First Eocene–Miocene anuran fossils from Peruvian Amazonia: insights into Neotropical frog evolution and diversity
Olivier Jansen Logo, Raúl O. Gómez Logo, Antoine Fouquet Logo, Laurent Marivaux Logo, Rodolfo Salas-Gismondi Logo and Pierre-Olivier Antoine Logo
Published online: 22/12/2023

Keywords: Amazonia; Anura; Brachycephaloidea; Cenozoic; Pipidae

https://doi.org/10.18563/journal.m3.210

  Abstract

    The present contribution contains the 3D models of fossil humeri and ilia of anurans from various Eocene-Miocene deposits of Peruvian Amazonia. These fossils were described and figured in the following publication: Jansen et al. (2023), First Eocene–Miocene anuran fossils from Peruvian Amazonia: insights into Neotropical frog evolution and diversity. Papers in Palaeontology, The Palaeontological Association.
     
      

  Specimens
 
  See original publication
  M3 article infos

PDF
3D models related to the publication: Neuroanatomy and pneumaticity of the extinct Malagasy ‘horned’ crocodile Voay robustus and its implications for crocodylid phylogeny and palaeoecology.
Gwendal Perrichon Logo, Yohan Pochat-Cottilloux Logo, Davide Conedera, Pascale Richardin Logo, Vincent Fernandez Logo, Lionel Hautier Logo and Jeremy E. Martin Logo
Published online: 22/12/2023

Keywords: brain endocast; Malagasy crocodiles; neurovascular system; paratympanic sinus

https://doi.org/10.18563/journal.m3.205

  Abstract

    The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D models analyzed in: Perrichon et al., 2023. Neuroanatomy and pneumaticity of Voay robustus and its implications for crocodylid phylogeny and palaeoecology. 

  Specimens
 
  See original publication
  M3 article infos

PDF

MorphoDig last news

MorphoDig 1.6.7

New feature in MorphoDig 1.6.7 ( https://morphomuseum.com/downloadMorphodig ):

  • Scalar values (median, mean etc.) can now be extracted along an axis of interest (for instance to extract thickness profiles along a relevant axis)